Just added – a new message preached by Craig Mackie:
Just added – a new message preached by Craig Mackie:
Just added, a new message preached by Mr Bill Stevely:
Just added, a new message preached from 1 Corinthians chapter 10, by Dr J Stewart Gillespie:
Outline notes available for this message:
One of my favourite hymns and one of the first I learned on the accordion:
“Have we trials and temptations? Is there trouble anywhere?
We should never be discouraged; take it to the Lord in prayer.
Can we find a friend so faithful who will all our sorrows share?
Jesus knows our every weakness; take it to the Lord in prayer.”
Over the years, Christians have sought solace, and rightly so of course in every trial and temptation in the person of the Lord Jesus Christ.
There is no question that this right and proper; we have seen that throughout our studies in Hebrews; especially in the picture of Christ as our Great High Priest, such as Hebrews 4:14-16.
This verse here in 1 Co 10:13 has also been used for comfort and solace of a slightly different sort, not so much:
In a Person – where our solace and faith ought to lie
In a Provision – which it has been considered this verse offers
Typical of this view:
‘God is wise as well as faithful, and will make our burdens according to our strength. He knows what we can bear. He will make a way to escape: He will deliver either from the trial itself or at least the mischief of it.’ (Matthew Henry)
‘You have been put to no test but such as is common to man: and God is true, who will not let any test come on you which you are not able to undergo but He will make with the test a way out of it, so that you may be able to go through it.’ (Bible in Basic English)
Over the years this verse has been understood as a blanket guarantee that in every trial and test of life God will make a way of escape, a way out from that trial / tribulation.
There are at least 6 problems with this view:
i. Context – is not the general trials and problems of the Christian life
ii. Common temptation (v13) – these temptations are not even unique to Christians
– they are found in every life – believer and unbeliever alike.
iii. Conflict within the verse – the view that this verse speaks about a Divine provision to exit the trials and testings of the Christian life when they get too much, either must deny the reality that God ordains and orders our trials and testings (Job 23:10; Psalm 66:10; Jer 12:3; Zech 13:9; Heb 11:7) or must suppose that somehow God mistakingly over tests believers and so He has to fit a kind of safety release valve or fire exit to His trials because sometimes He misjudges and goes over the score.
iv. Contrary to every day experience and Biblical experience – there was no way of escape for Isaiah, sawn in half with a wooden sword, nor for Zecharias the son of Berechias, slain between the temple and the altar, nor for Stephen, nor for Christ.
v. Contradiction in the verse – “a way of escape that ye may be able to bear it”
vi. Conclusion (10:14) doesn’t fit with a way of escape from trials at all
What is the ‘temptation’ in verse 13?
i. Context – the temptations of 10:7-10 leading to the conclusion of verse 11; ‘now all these…’ and verse 12 ‘wherefore let him that thinketh…’
The context lies in the experiences and failures of Israel in temptation to sin in verses 7 to 10, these experiences were reflective not so much of Divine testing but of human failure in the face of temptation by the flesh (10:8); by Satan (10:7) and by the world (10:8).
James 1:14 “But every man is tempted when he is drawn away of his own lust and enticed”
in 1 Co 10:7 – The Temptation was to idolatry
in 1 Co 10:8 – The Temptation was to sexual immorality
in 1 Co 10:9 – The Temptation was to discontentment / dissatisfaction
in 1 Co 10:10 – The Temptation was to murmuring / discontentment
The context is that of temptation rather than testing
These 4 episodes of temptation are within the broader setting of 40 years of testing in the wilderness (Deut 8:1ff)
During those 40 years we have 2 overarching experiences:
1. Trial / testing
ordained by God for our blessing
testing with the possibility of failure
permitted by God
temptation with the purpose of failure
Within the setting of the trial:
Satan (1 Co10:7) – behind the worship of the golden calf
Flesh (1 Co 10:8,9) and its desires
World (1 Co10:8) – Moab
Provide the temptations as opportunities for a way out of the trial.
Take Job as an example; a book of trial and testing which is Divinely ordered and ordained
Trial clearly ordered and ordained of God , initiated by God (Job 1:8); “hast thou considered my servant Job?”
Yet in the midst of the trial; the flesh with Jobs wife provides an opportunity to opt out; “curse God and die” (Job 2:9)
This is a trial ultimately for Jobs blessing (Job 42:10ff)
Temptation is the natural / carnal way out of the trial
cf. Peter in John 18:17; “art not thou also one of this mans disciples?”
A potentially dangerous situation, but the flesh has a way out of the trial:
“He saith I am not” (John 18:15)
God provides the trial and we provide the temptation
cf. Shadrach, Meshach and Abednigo – all they had to do was bow down to the idol and all of their troubles would be over!
The pressure was open to just compromise, a little, fingers crossed, but they didn’t.
Consider David in his trial fleeing from Saul:
1 Sam 24:1ff; 24:10ff
1 Sam 26:1ff; 26:8ff
In verse 13 then we have Gods way of escape rather than mans way of escape in trial!
ii. Common nature of the trial (10:13); ‘there hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man,’ – the trials here are not peculiar to the chastening experiences of the Christian life but to all people.
This is not the testings of;
“he whom the Lord loveth He chasteneth and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth.”
If this testing is ‘common’ to man it is not the trial of the Christian life
We love to think that our trials, our tests, our temptations are so unique that they excuse all of our failures!
iii. Control over the trial; ‘God is faithful who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able,’ – ie God is seen as a third party in this temptation, controlling and limiting it rather than as the cause of it. It would seem that God is on our side against the temptation! This temptation happens by Divine permission; ‘permit you to be tempted’
iv. Contrary to every day experience?
Why was there no way of escape for:
Isaiah – sawn in half with a wooden sword
Zechariahs the son of Berechias – slain between the altar and the temple
Stephen – stoned to death?
For the Christian who faces cancer? A way of escape?
The child who loses a parent in bereavement?
So don’t tell me that in every trial and test of the Christian life that there is a way of escape, because frankly I just don’t believe it.
What this is a guarantee for is something completely different; that in the temptations which the Lord permits, but which are initiated by:
There is guaranteed in those temptations to sin, a way out, so that for the believer obedience and righteousness and holiness is always a possibility.
There is always in the Christian life:
a right answer
the opportunity to do what is right
It is never the case that a Christian can say I failed in that temptation because I had no option, I was forced to, compelled to, I had to sin.
There is always the option to do what is right and pleasing to God.
Joseph – “And it came to pass about this time, that Joseph went into the house to do his business; and there was none of the men of the house there within. And she caught him by his garment, saying, Lie with me: and he left his garment in her hand, and fled, and got him out.” (Gen 39:11-12) – so don’t tell me you have to commit fornication – you don’t.
v. Contradiction (10:13) ‘way to escape that ye may be able to bear it’
How can our ‘escape’ permit us to ‘bear’ it?
Surely we either ‘bear’ it or ‘escape’ from it?
This makes sense if we:
escape the temptation
bear with the trial
vi. Conclusion (10:14) – ‘wherefore my dearly beloved flee from idolatry.’
The temptation is to idolatry
vii. Challenge (10:15-22)
What is the connection between verse 16 and the preceeding?
Is it simply that?
The Corinthians are indulging in idolatry (v14)
They are assured that there is a way out of that temptation to idolatry (v13)
They must leave idol worship (v14,21) because it is incompatible with their communion with Christ (v16)?
Yet why take the extensive detour through the communion / breaking of bread to make the simple point which the Lord Himself makes in so few words; “no man can serve two masters.”
Was it because the Corinthians laid great weight on their own participation in the Lords supper, whilst continuing to live the old life at Corinth?
That very communion service would condemn their behaviour.
Yet perhaps there is even more to it than that!
1. The true significance of Communion (v16)
2. The true significance of Fellowship (v17)
3. The true significance of idol Worship (v18-20)
1. The true significance of Communion (v16)
A verse often quoted out with its immediate context, yet it most certainly does have a context to gain the full meaning we must grasp the context.
That communion indicates and reminds us not only of the sacrifice of Christ on our behalf but of our fellowship / connection with Him. There is a ‘communion’ of the ‘blood’ and a ‘communion’ of the ‘body’ of Christ. A reminder of our vital living fellowship with the Saviour because of this sacrifice.
As a consequence of this fellowship certain behaviours, practices, experiences are incompatible with the Christian life, because and let us get this, because they are incompatible with Christ!
Communion is also indicative of Gods cure for our problem! If temptation in the wilderness (1 Co 10:7-11) arose when they denied the provision of God, when they abandoned being led (10:7) in favour of being led by the golden calf – in effect the Devil, when the denied their consecration – their death in baptism (10:8) in favour of the lusts of the flesh, and when they became disparaging of the manna which the Lord had provided to feed them (1 Co 10:9) desiring the food of Egypt and the world, they crossed a line and moved away from fellowship with the Lord into the sphere of the world, the flesh and the Devil!
It is the truth of the Lords Supper, of communion, not only that Christ has offered a once and for all sacrifice for sin forever, but that He, by His work perpetually sustains me. Christs work is finished, His salvation continues. He saves forever.
Are you walking daily by the Saviours side?
Are you washed in the blood of the Lamb?
Do you rest each moment in the Crucified?
Are you washed in the blood of the Lamb?
O Cross, that liftest up my head,
I dare not ask to fly from Thee;
I lay in dust life’s glory dead,
And from the ground there blossoms red
Life that shall endless be.
Just added, a new message preached by Mr Robert Gray:
Just added – a new message preached by Mr Craig Mackie from Mark chapter 14:
Just added, a new message preached by Dr J Stewart Gillespie from Lukes Gospel:
Just added; a new message preached by Mr Robert Gray:
Just added to our 1 Corinthians section; a new message preached from 1 Corinthians chapter 10:
outline notes available from this message:
In the shadow of Sinai in Sight of the Promised Land
We noted that parallels were drawn between:
The source of that sustenance is Christ
Natural provision but by supernatural means
Sometimes it is easy to identify supernatural provision by supernatural means but this is natural provision by supernatural means
This turned out to be the largest baptismal tank in history.
Here was a 4 fold deception
People once led by God were deceived over the most fundamental / basic of moral and spiritual issues:
We have seen it in our own day – churches divided, not over subtleties of doctrine but professing Christians utterly adrift, rudderless on an ocean of confusion over the most basic of human relationships which God has ordered and imprinted in the biology, physiology and anatomy of the human frame and with that confusion a pride, that our day and age is so much more enlightened than that of our forefathers, not because we have reached the goals set out by them but because we have confounded ourself into a state of disbelief; there is no destination to reach, nowhere to go, no standards to uphold, no absolutes, no judge and no goal, and so just enjoy the drift!
4 fold deception:
10:7 – Losing the Cloud – End of being Led
1 Corinthians 10: refers back to Exodus 32:1ff
Within sight of Sinai!!
Saddest of settings
Moses up the mountain
Deceived by an idol
Production of the golden calf – Baal worship
First introduction of the nation to idolatry
When we speak about idolatry what do we mean?
In Exodus 32 it is not a vague / general phenomenon but really quite focused and specific
Arguably it is the first time idolatry features in the nations history.
Idolatry has a specific goal – not just the general presence of idols in the nation.
Idolatry is not simply the verbal ascription of praise to idols.
Idolatry is not just the presence of ceremonies around idols.
In Exodus 32 idolatry is not simply a general social or religious phenomenon
Idolatry is focused
Idolatry is specific
Idolatry is directed
Idolatry is not the A Bomb of Hiroshima / Nagasaki which indiscriminately destroys everything in the vicinity but rather it is more akin to the the dam buster bomb of Sir Barnes Wallis:
16th to 17th May 1943
Destroyed hydroelectric power stations, factories and mines
1600 people drowned
Idolatry had a very specific target
A target which when hit would adversely affect the well being of the peopl of God with global consequences
This was a blow to the nation and a disaster for Israel.
Exodus 32:1 : ‘make us gods which shall go before us’
Exodus 32:1 : ‘Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt’
Exodus 32:4 : ‘These be thy gods O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt’
Exodus 32:8 : ‘These be thy gods O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt’
It was not Moses nor the golden calf which had brought them up out of Egypt:
“And the Lord went before them by day in a pillar of cloud” (Exodus 13:21)
This is a specific attack on the cloud and on Divine guidance.
This is the end of being led
Knock out their guidance and everything else follows; they are left lost, wandering, dazed and aimless in the wilderness; doomed for an eternity of being lost in the wilderness.
Idolatry exists when we take our guidance from a source other than the Lord!
10:8 – Losing Purity – End of being Dead
A reference here to Numbers 25
An attack on their sanctification
Numbers 25 forms a backdrop to 1 Corinthians chps 5 to 10:
Numbers 25:1 – Moral Compromise
Numbers 25:2 – Meat offered to idols
Numbers 25:2,3 – Idols temple / worship
Numbers 25:9 – Death and judgement
Notice the geographical setting here in Numbers 25 – Shittim (25:1)
This is the place where Joshua in Joshua chp 3 will prepare to pass over the Jordan and into the promised land.
In Numbers 25 they are in sight of the promised land
Maybe they feel they are getting nowhere slowly, wandering and that a bit aimlessly, maybe losing heart and perhaps vulnerable in a state of despair??
Ironically they don’t know just how close they are to Gods blessings for them.
So close, they could have spat on it, and they did.
They messed up big time!
How close have we been at times to Gods blessings, only to deny ourselves through sin and failure and unfaithfulness, inches from the promised land??
If Exodus 32 is on shadow of Sinai then Numbers 25 is in sight of the promised land
So close to the goal and yet at the last moment distracted and failed.
Here on the banks of the Jordan is a denial of their Red Sea Baptism.
The failure is moral – a denial of their baptism – dead to sin (Romans 6:1-4)
Numbers 25:1 – what society calls progress God calls prostitution
10:9 – Losing the Manna – End of Being Fed
An end of being fed?
Numbers 21:5 “our soul loatheth this light bread”
It wasn’t as they initially claimed (that they had no bread, Num 21:5) but rather they didn’t much care for the bread they did have!
When they stopped feeding on Christ, Satan started to feed on them.
We can easily become distracted from feeding on Christ
10:10 – Denying our Identity
Just added; a new message preached from 1 Corinthians by J Stewart Gillespie:
Outline notes available for this message:
Last time we noted that whilst 1 Corinthians chp 10 seemed to have little immediate relevance to us / maybe to be out of place.
What does this have to do with Corinth?
We don’t need to Wonder for too long the purpose of recounting this events – we are told in 1Co 10:6; “these things were our examples..” : ‘tupos‘ : type, something caused by strokes or blows
It has its significance in a parallel / parable between the nation of Israel and the Corinthians:
Points of parallel:
The distinction between what is given to me and what I am.
They reasoned that because they were:
That all was well, that they had the Christian thing in the bag, done and dusted.
A 4 fold deception
It may just have seemed a bit of fun to them, a victimless crime but each deception would rob them of each of their blessings in Christ:
3 features of those ancient Israelites:
They took great comfort and solace in being part of a church where something was happening.
They drew great reassurance from their blessings of:
Like Israel however in Exodus and Numbers they thought that they could live / lead a double life.
They though that they could have the best of both worlds.
They thought that they could:
They seemed to have placed great weight on the fact that they were:
Yet they continued in the old life and pursued the old lusts
Did that not get them the best of both worlds?
No it short changed them for both
They hadn’t gained both
They lost both!
The blessings they enjoyed:
“under the cloud” (v1)
Under the cloud – that surely is a bad place to be?
Yet for the believer the cloud is:
The people of Israel are in a sense “under the cloud”
It is so often “under the cloud” that we find the PRESENCE of the Lord!
Well they were under the cloud!
But this was a good place to be; God was there.
In what sense was the food ‘spiritual’?
Was it not in essence physical?
Did it not get eaten and digested and did it not satisfy their hunger? (Deut 8:16).
The manna was physical in nature / in substance
But then bread does not by nature fall from the sky!
The manna was spiritual in source / origin (Psalm 78:23-25).
The spiritual character of the manns is seen in its origin
Maybe we can accept that God can provide:
All supernatural provision by supernatural means
But in the manna and the water consider the possibility of:
What could be more common or ordinary than water and bread?
Yet the supply was supernatural!
Let us not be afraid to look for this in our own life.
Just because something is ordinary in substance doesn’t mean that it is not extraordinary in its source.
Look for those extraordinary supplies!
“And that rock was Christ”
In what sense was the Rock Christ?
Surely the rock was a physical rock from which the water flowed (Ex 17:6; Num 20:8)?
Consider that in Numbers 20:8 Moses is invited to; “speak ye unto the rock”
“speak”: ‘dabar’: occurs 1142 times in the OT
A recurrent pattern is evident in its use; a few examples:
Exo_40:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559
Lev_1:1 And the LORDH3068 calledH7121 untoH413 Moses,H4872 and spakeH1696 untoH413 him out of the tabernacleH4480 H168 of the congregation,H4150 saying,H559
Lev_1:2 SpeakH1696 untoH413 the childrenH1121 of Israel,H3478
Lev_4:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559
Lev_4:2 SpeakH1696 untoH413 the childrenH1121 of Israel,H3478 saying,H559
Lev_5:14 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559
Lev_6:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559
Lev_6:8 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559
Lev_6:19 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559
Lev_6:24 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559
Lev_6:25 SpeakH1696 untoH413 AaronH175 and toH413 his sons,H1121 saying,H559 ThisH2063 is the lawH8451 of the sin offering:H2403
Lev_7:22 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559
Lev_7:23 SpeakH1696 untoH413 the childrenH1121 of Israel,H3478 saying,H559 Ye shall eatH398 no mannerH3808 H3605 of fat,H2459 of ox,H7794 or of sheep,H3775 or of goat.H5795
Lev_7:28 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559
Lev_7:29 SpeakH1696 untoH413 the childrenH1121 of Israel,H3478 saying,H559 He that offerethH7126 (H853) the sacrificeH2077 of his peace offeringsH8002 unto the LORDH3068 shall bringH935 (H853) his oblationH7133 unto the LORDH3068 of the sacrificeH4480 H2077 of his peace offerings.H8002
Lev_8:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559
Lev_9:3 And untoH413 the childrenH1121 of IsraelH3478 thou shalt speak,H1696 saying,H559 TakeH3947 ye a kidH8163 of the goatsH5795 for a sin offering;H2403 and a calfH5695 and a lamb,H3532 both of the firstH1121 year,H8141 without blemish,H8549 for a burnt offering;H5930
Lev_10:8 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Aaron,H175 saying,H559
Lev_10:11 And that ye may teachH3384 (H853) the childrenH1121 of IsraelH3478 (H853) allH3605 the statutesH2706 whichH834 the LORDH3068 hath spokenH1696 untoH413 them by the handH3027 of Moses.H4872
Lev_10:12 And MosesH4872 spakeH1696 untoH413 Aaron,H175 and untoH413 EleazarH499 and untoH413 Ithamar,H385 his sonsH1121
Lev_10:19 And AaronH175 saidH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872
Lev_11:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 MosesH4872 and toH413 Aaron,H175 sayingH559 untoH413 them,
Lev_11:2 SpeakH1696 untoH413 the childrenH1121 of Israel,H3478 saying,H559 TheseH2063 are the beastsH2416 whichH834 ye shall eatH398 among allH4480 H3605 the beastsH929 thatH834 are onH5921 the earth.H776
Lev_12:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559
Lev_12:2 SpeakH1696 untoH413 the childrenH1121 of Israel,H3478 saying,H559
Lev_13:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 MosesH4872 and Aaron,H175 saying,H559
Lev_14:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559
Lev_14:33 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 MosesH4872 and untoH413 Aaron,H175 saying,H559
Lev_15:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 MosesH4872 and toH413 Aaron,H175 saying,H559
Lev_15:2 SpeakH1696 untoH413 the childrenH1121 of Israel,H3478 and sayH559 untoH413 them,
Lev_16:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 MosesH4872 afterH310 the deathH4194 of the twoH8147 sonsH1121 of Aaron,H175 when they offeredH7126 beforeH6440 the LORD,H3068 and died;H4191
This Hebrew word ‘dabar‘ on 1141 out of 1142 occasions is always used of speaking to a person; of man speaking to man, of God speaking to man, of man speaking to God.
The only possible exception is here in Numbers 20:8.
I do not think that Numbers 20:8 is such an exception!
Moses and the people of God recognised 2 Rocks:
At times these 2 rocks become close to being intertwinned:
“Behold, he smote the rock, that the waters gushed out, and the streams overflowed; can he give bread also? can he provide flesh for his people?”
“And they remembered that God was their rock, and the high God their redeemer.” (Psa 78:35)
So what is 1 Co 10:4 saying?
Not so much that the physical rock but the spiritual Rock is Christ!
He is the God of the nation in the OT!
We have touched upon this issue in the past, whilst looking at Romans chapter 4; ‘how did people get saved B.C?’
We saw that they were saved just the same way they were saved AD!
In Romans chapter 4:
Abraham described as the, ‘father of all them that believe’ (Romans 4:11)
That continuity / connection would be fatally traumatised if David and Abraham believed in someone / something else from us.
The argument would break down and I would have no more connection with Abraham or David than with a Buddhist.
Davids atonement / propitiation requires it (Romans 4:6-8)
I know of only 1 biblical means by which God can be both, ‘just and the justifier,’ of the sinner, and that is through Christ (Rom 3:26).
David was living in the benefit / expectation of this.
The promises made to a justified Abraham would ultimately be fulfilled in Christ.
Salvation / justification by faith came by faith in a person – faith in Christ.
Christ is the source of SALVATION in the Old and New Testaments.
We found Him in the OT:
Christ is not only the:
but as the Rock:
Why present this truth to the Cornthians, that Christ is the Rock that followed the Israelites in the wilderness?
“that Rock was Christ” becomes the high point / pinnacle of this section!
It is downhill after this!
In other words the crescendo is built up from:
To: Christ the Rock
We are saved and sanctified and separated in order that we might draw from Christ!
Saved to enjoy Christ.
Saved for relationship and resemblance.
They were not living in the enjoyment of this – see 1 Corinthians chps 5,6 & 8.
Instead of the badges and externals of Christian experience here is the point/purpose/expectation of Christian experience.
Not only the expectation of Christian experience but herein lies the explanation of what went wrong; ie. They were not drawing from Christ, they were not satisfied with Christ; they were instead, ‘lusting after evil things,’ (v6).
All of their failures were in essence a displacement of Christ.