Have You Trials and Temptations – 1 Corinthians chp 10 verse 13 – J Stewart Gillespie


Just added, a new message preached from 1 Corinthians chapter 10, by Dr J Stewart Gillespie:


1 Corinthians chp 10 verse 13 – Have You Trials and Temptations – J Stewart Gillespie – 30062015


Outline notes available for this message:


One of my favourite hymns and one of the first I learned on the accordion:

“Have we trials and temptations? Is there trouble anywhere?
We should never be discouraged; take it to the Lord in prayer.
Can we find a friend so faithful who will all our sorrows share?
Jesus knows our every weakness; take it to the Lord in prayer.”

Over the years, Christians have sought solace, and rightly so of course in every trial and temptation in the person of the Lord Jesus Christ.
There is no question that this right and proper; we have seen that throughout our studies in Hebrews; especially in the picture of Christ as our Great High Priest, such as Hebrews 4:14-16.
This verse here in 1 Co 10:13 has also been used for comfort and solace of a slightly different sort, not so much:

In a Person – where our solace and faith ought to lie
In a Provision – which it has been considered this verse offers

Typical of this view:

‘God is wise as well as faithful, and will make our burdens according to our strength. He knows what we can bear. He will make a way to escape: He will deliver either from the trial itself or at least the mischief of it.’ (Matthew Henry)

‘You have been put to no test but such as is common to man: and God is true, who will not let any test come on you which you are not able to undergo but He will make with the test a way out of it, so that you may be able to go through it.’ (Bible in Basic English)

Over the years this verse has been understood as a blanket guarantee that in every trial and test of life God will make a way of escape, a way out from that trial / tribulation.

There are at least 6 problems with this view:

i. Context – is not the general trials and problems of the Christian life

ii. Common temptation (v13) – these temptations are not even unique to Christians
– they are found in every life – believer and unbeliever alike.

iii. Conflict within the verse – the view that this verse speaks about a Divine provision to exit the trials and testings of the Christian life when they get too much, either must deny the reality that God ordains and orders our trials and testings (Job 23:10; Psalm 66:10; Jer 12:3; Zech 13:9; Heb 11:7) or must suppose that somehow God mistakingly over tests believers and so He has to fit a kind of safety release valve or fire exit to His trials because sometimes He misjudges and goes over the score.

iv. Contrary to every day experience and Biblical experience – there was no way of escape for Isaiah, sawn in half with a wooden sword, nor for Zecharias the son of Berechias, slain between the temple and the altar, nor for Stephen, nor for Christ.

v. Contradiction in the verse – “a way of escape that ye may be able to bear it”

vi. Conclusion (10:14) doesn’t fit with a way of escape from trials at all


What is the ‘temptation’ in verse 13?

i. Context – the temptations of 10:7-10 leading to the conclusion of verse 11; ‘now all these…’ and verse 12 ‘wherefore let him that thinketh…’

The context lies in the experiences and failures of Israel in temptation to sin in verses 7 to 10, these experiences were reflective not so much of Divine testing but of human failure in the face of temptation by the flesh (10:8); by Satan (10:7) and by the world (10:8).
James 1:14 “But every man is tempted when he is drawn away of his own lust and enticed”

in 1 Co 10:7 – The Temptation was to idolatry
in 1 Co 10:8 – The Temptation was to sexual immorality
in 1 Co 10:9 – The Temptation was to discontentment / dissatisfaction
in 1 Co 10:10 – The Temptation was to murmuring / discontentment

The context is that of temptation rather than testing
These 4 episodes of temptation are within the broader setting of 40 years of testing in the wilderness (Deut 8:1ff)

During those 40 years we have 2 overarching experiences:

1. Trial / testing

ordained by God for our blessing
testing with the possibility of failure

2. Temptation

permitted by God
temptation with the purpose of failure

Within the setting of the trial:

Satan (1 Co10:7) – behind the worship of the golden calf
Flesh (1 Co 10:8,9) and its desires
World (1 Co10:8) – Moab

Provide the temptations as opportunities for a way out of the trial.
Take Job as an example; a book of trial and testing which is Divinely ordered and ordained
Trial clearly ordered and ordained of God , initiated by God (Job 1:8); “hast thou considered my servant Job?”
Yet in the midst of the trial; the flesh with Jobs wife provides an opportunity to opt out; “curse God and die” (Job 2:9)
This is a trial ultimately for Jobs blessing (Job 42:10ff)

Temptation is the natural / carnal way out of the trial
cf. Peter in John 18:17; “art not thou also one of this mans disciples?”
A potentially dangerous situation, but the flesh has a way out of the trial:
“He saith I am not” (John 18:15)

God provides the trial and we provide the temptation
cf. Shadrach, Meshach and Abednigo – all they had to do was bow down to the idol and all of their troubles would be over!
The pressure was open to just compromise, a little, fingers crossed, but they didn’t.
Consider David in his trial fleeing from Saul:
1 Sam 24:1ff; 24:10ff
1 Sam 26:1ff; 26:8ff


In verse 13 then we have Gods way of escape rather than mans way of escape in trial!

ii. Common nature of the trial (10:13); ‘there hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man,’ – the trials here are not peculiar to the chastening experiences of the Christian life but to all people.

This is not the testings of;

“he whom the Lord loveth He chasteneth and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth.”

If this testing is ‘common’ to man it is not the trial of the Christian life

We love to think that our trials, our tests, our temptations are so unique that they excuse all of our failures!

iii. Control over the trial; ‘God is faithful who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able,’ – ie God is seen as a third party in this temptation, controlling and limiting it rather than as the cause of it. It would seem that God is on our side against the temptation! This temptation happens by Divine permission; ‘permit you to be tempted’

iv. Contrary to every day experience?

Why was there no way of escape for:

Isaiah – sawn in half with a wooden sword
Zechariahs the son of Berechias – slain between the altar and the temple
Stephen – stoned to death?
For the Christian who faces cancer? A way of escape?
The child who loses a parent in bereavement?

So don’t tell me that in every trial and test of the Christian life that there is a way of escape, because frankly I just don’t believe it.
What this is a guarantee for is something completely different; that in the temptations which the Lord permits, but which are initiated by:

The World
The Flesh
The Devil

There is guaranteed in those temptations to sin, a way out, so that for the believer obedience and righteousness and holiness is always a possibility.
There is always in the Christian life:

a right answer
the opportunity to do what is right

It is never the case that a Christian can say I failed in that temptation because I had no option, I was forced to, compelled to, I had to sin.
There is always the option to do what is right and pleasing to God.

Joseph – “And it came to pass about this time, that Joseph went into the house to do his business; and there was none of the men of the house there within. And she caught him by his garment, saying, Lie with me: and he left his garment in her hand, and fled, and got him out.” (Gen 39:11-12) – so don’t tell me you have to commit fornication – you don’t.

v. Contradiction (10:13) ‘way to escape that ye may be able to bear it’

How can our ‘escape’ permit us to ‘bear’ it?
Surely we either ‘bear’ it or ‘escape’ from it?
This makes sense if we:

escape the temptation
bear with the trial

vi. Conclusion (10:14) – ‘wherefore my dearly beloved flee from idolatry.’

The temptation is to idolatry

vii. Challenge (10:15-22)

What is the connection between verse 16 and the preceeding?
Is it simply that?

The Corinthians are indulging in idolatry (v14)
They are assured that there is a way out of that temptation to idolatry (v13)
They must leave idol worship (v14,21) because it is incompatible with their communion with Christ (v16)?

Yet why take the extensive detour through the communion / breaking of bread to make the simple point which the Lord Himself makes in so few words; “no man can serve two masters.”
Was it because the Corinthians laid great weight on their own participation in the Lords supper, whilst continuing to live the old life at Corinth?
That very communion service would condemn their behaviour.
Yet perhaps there is even more to it than that!


1. The true significance of Communion (v16)
2. The true significance of Fellowship (v17)
3. The true significance of idol Worship (v18-20)


1. The true significance of Communion (v16)

A verse often quoted out with its immediate context, yet it most certainly does have a context to gain the full meaning we must grasp the context.

That communion indicates and reminds us not only of the sacrifice of Christ on our behalf but of our fellowship / connection with Him. There is a ‘communion’ of the ‘blood’ and a ‘communion’ of the ‘body’ of Christ. A reminder of our vital living fellowship with the Saviour because of this sacrifice.
As a consequence of this fellowship certain behaviours, practices, experiences are incompatible with the Christian life, because and let us get this, because they are incompatible with Christ!
Communion is also indicative of Gods cure for our problem! If temptation in the wilderness (1 Co 10:7-11) arose when they denied the provision of God, when they abandoned being led (10:7) in favour of being led by the golden calf – in effect the Devil, when the denied their consecration – their death in baptism (10:8) in favour of the lusts of the flesh, and when they became disparaging of the manna which the Lord had provided to feed them (1 Co 10:9) desiring the food of Egypt and the world, they crossed a line and moved away from fellowship with the Lord into the sphere of the world, the flesh and the Devil!
It is the truth of the Lords Supper, of communion, not only that Christ has offered a once and for all sacrifice for sin forever, but that He, by His work perpetually sustains me. Christs work is finished, His salvation continues. He saves forever.


Are you walking daily by the Saviours side?
Are you washed in the blood of the Lamb?
Do you rest each moment in the Crucified?
Are you washed in the blood of the Lamb?


O Cross, that liftest up my head,
I dare not ask to fly from Thee;
I lay in dust life’s glory dead,
And from the ground there blossoms red
Life that shall endless be.


What’s So Wonderful about Jesus? – Luke chapter 9

Just added a new message preached from Luke’s Gospel by Dr J Stewart Gillespie:


Whats so Wonderful about Jesus – Luke chp 9 – J Stewart Gillespie – 21062015

Finding Christ when we need Him Most – Luke chapter 8 verses 40 to 56

Just added, a new message preached by Dr J Stewart Gillespie from Lukes Gospel:


Luke chp 8 vs 40 to 56 – Finding Christ when we need Him Most – J Stewart Gillespie -07062015


In the Shadow of Sinai – 1 Corinthians chapter 10 verses 7 to 10

Just added to our 1 Corinthians section; a new message preached from 1 Corinthians chapter 10:


1 Corinthians chp 10 vs 7 to 10 – In the Shadow of Sinai – JS Gillespie – 02062015


outline notes available from this message:


In the shadow of Sinai in Sight of the Promised Land

We noted that parallels were drawn between:

  1. Israel
  2. Corinthians
  3. Ultimately ourselves

Parallels with:

  1. Assumptions made – run the old life and the new life together
  2. Blessings enjoyed
  • Led – under the cloud
  • Fed – manna and spiritual meat and the water and spiritual drink

The source of that sustenance is Christ

Natural provision but by supernatural means

Sometimes it is easy to identify supernatural provision by supernatural means but this is natural provision by supernatural means

  • Dead – through the sea

This turned out to be the largest baptismal tank in history.

  1. Confusion between external and the internal
  2. Deception

Here was a 4 fold deception

People once led by God were deceived over the most fundamental / basic of moral and spiritual issues:

  • Idols
  • Sexual morality

We have seen it in our own day – churches divided, not over subtleties of doctrine but professing Christians utterly adrift, rudderless on an ocean of confusion over the most basic of human relationships which God has ordered and imprinted in the biology, physiology and anatomy of the human frame and with that confusion a pride, that our day and age is so much more enlightened than that of our forefathers, not because we have reached the goals set out by them but because we have confounded ourself into a state of disbelief; there is no destination to reach, nowhere to go, no standards to uphold, no absolutes, no judge and no goal, and so just enjoy the drift!

4 fold deception:

  1. 10:7 – Losing the Cloud – End of being Led
  2. 10:8 – Losing Purity – End of being Dead
  3. 10:9 – Losing the Manna – End of Being Fed
  4. 10:10 – Denying our Identity
  1. 10:7 – Losing the Cloud – End of being Led

1 Corinthians 10: refers back to Exodus 32:1ff

Within sight of Sinai!!

Saddest of settings

Moses up the mountain

Deceived by an idol

Production of the golden calf – Baal worship

First introduction of the nation to idolatry

When we speak about idolatry what do we mean?

In Exodus 32 it is not a vague / general phenomenon but really quite focused and specific

Arguably it is the first time idolatry features in the nations history.

Idolatry has a specific goal – not just the general presence of idols in the nation.

Idolatry is not simply the verbal ascription of praise to idols.

Idolatry is not just the presence of ceremonies around idols.

In Exodus 32 idolatry is not simply a general social or religious phenomenon

  • Idolatry is focused

  • Idolatry is specific

  • Idolatry is directed

Idolatry is not the A Bomb of Hiroshima / Nagasaki which indiscriminately destroys everything in the vicinity but rather it is more akin to the the dam buster bomb of Sir Barnes Wallis:

  • operation chastise

  • 16th to 17th May 1943

  • Rohr valley

  • Destroyed hydroelectric power stations, factories and mines

  • 1600 people drowned

Idolatry had a very specific target

A target which when hit would adversely affect the well being of the peopl of God with global consequences

This was a blow to the nation and a disaster for Israel.

  • Exodus 32:1 : ‘make us gods which shall go before us’

  • Exodus 32:1 : ‘Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt’

  • Exodus 32:4 : ‘These be thy gods O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt’

  • Exodus 32:8 : ‘These be thy gods O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt’

It was not Moses nor the golden calf which had brought them up out of Egypt:

And the Lord went before them by day in a pillar of cloud” (Exodus 13:21)

This is a specific attack on the cloud and on Divine guidance.

This is the end of being led

Knock out their guidance and everything else follows; they are left lost, wandering, dazed and aimless in the wilderness; doomed for an eternity of being lost in the wilderness.

Idolatry exists when we take our guidance from a source other than the Lord!

  1. 10:8 – Losing Purity – End of being Dead

A reference here to Numbers 25

An attack on their sanctification

Numbers 25 forms a backdrop to 1 Corinthians chps 5 to 10:

  • Numbers 25:1 – Moral Compromise

  • Numbers 25:2 – Meat offered to idols

  • Numbers 25:2,3 – Idols temple / worship

  • Numbers 25:9 – Death and judgement

Notice the geographical setting here in Numbers 25 – Shittim (25:1)

This is the place where Joshua in Joshua chp 3 will prepare to pass over the Jordan and into the promised land.

In Numbers 25 they are in sight of the promised land

Maybe they feel they are getting nowhere slowly, wandering and that a bit aimlessly, maybe losing heart and perhaps vulnerable in a state of despair??

Ironically they don’t know just how close they are to Gods blessings for them.

So close, they could have spat on it, and they did.

They messed up big time!

How close have we been at times to Gods blessings, only to deny ourselves through sin and failure and unfaithfulness, inches from the promised land??

If Exodus 32 is on shadow of Sinai then Numbers 25 is in sight of the promised land

So close to the goal and yet at the last moment distracted and failed.

Here on the banks of the Jordan is a denial of their Red Sea Baptism.

The failure is moral – a denial of their baptism – dead to sin (Romans 6:1-4)

Numbers 25:1 – what society calls progress God calls prostitution

  1. 10:9 – Losing the Manna – End of Being Fed

Numbers 21:4ff

An end of being fed?

Numbers 21:5our soul loatheth this light bread

It wasn’t as they initially claimed (that they had no bread, Num 21:5) but rather they didn’t much care for the bread they did have!

When they stopped feeding on Christ, Satan started to feed on them.

We can easily become distracted from feeding on Christ

  1. 10:10 – Denying our Identity

1141 Reasons not to Talk to a Rock – 1 Corinthians chapter 10 vs 3 to 5


Just added; a new message preached from 1 Corinthians by J Stewart Gillespie:


1 Corinthians chp 10 vs 3 to 5 – 1141 Reasons not to Talk to a Rock – JS Gillespie – 26052015


Outline notes available for this message:


Last time we noted that whilst 1 Corinthians chp 10 seemed to have little immediate relevance to us / maybe to be out of place.

What does this have to do with Corinth?

We don’t need to Wonder for too long the purpose of recounting this events – we are told in 1Co 10:6; “these things were our examples..” : ‘tupos‘ : type, something caused by strokes or blows

It has its significance in a parallel / parable between the nation of Israel and the Corinthians:

  • Assumptions
  • Blessings
  • Confusion
  • Deception

Points of parallel:


  1. Assumptions that they made – that you could have the best of both worlds. That you could run both the old and the new life together. Paul does not refute this idea / premise with any great theological argument; but simply with the fact that this approach has been tried and failed back in the days of Israel! They did not end up with the best of both worlds they ended up with neither!
  2. Blessings they enjoyed: Led, Fed and Dead.
  3. Confusion of external blessing and internal reality

The distinction between what is given to me and what I am.

They reasoned that because they were:

  • Baptised
  • Breaking bread
  • Enjoying God speak

That all was well, that they had the Christian thing in the bag, done and dusted.

  1. Deceptions that robbed them

A 4 fold deception

It may just have seemed a bit of fun to them, a victimless crime but each deception would rob them of each of their blessings in Christ:

  • v7 – of being Led by Christ
  • v8 – of being Dead to Sin
  • v9 – of being Fed from heaven
  • v10 – of being identified with Moses

3 features of those ancient Israelites:

  1. Led (verse 1)
  2. Fed (verses 3 to 4)
  3. Dead – Baptised

They took great comfort and solace in being part of a church where something was happening.

They drew great reassurance from their blessings of:

  • Baptism
  • Communion
  • Ministry
  • Word from the Lord

Like Israel however in Exodus and Numbers they thought that they could live / lead a double life.

They though that they could have the best of both worlds.

They thought that they could:

  • Run with the hares and hunt with the hounds
  • Best of both worlds
  • Take refuge in the blessings of the Spirit (10:1-5) but all the time pursue the lusts of the flesh (10:6)

They seemed to have placed great weight on the fact that they were:

  • Baptised (10:2)
  • Broke bread / took communion (10:3-5; 10:16ff)

Yet they continued in the old life and pursued the old lusts

Did that not get them the best of both worlds?

No it short changed them for both

They hadn’t gained both

They lost both!


The blessings they enjoyed:

  1. Led:

under the cloud” (v1)

Under the cloud – that surely is a bad place to be?

  1. It was for the old world that perished under the flood – clouds of Destruction / judgement
  2. It was the Egyptian army pursuing the people of Israel (Ex 14:20-25) – clouds of Death / Darkness
  3. It was at Sinai (Exodus 24:15,16; Deut 4:11) – clouds of Dread.

Yet for the believer the cloud is:

  1. The Place of Gods Promises (Gen 9:13,14,16) – the first mention of the cloud in the scriptures, and in it is a rainbow of Divine promises
  2. The Place of Gods Provision in Guidance (Exodus 13:21; 14:19-24; Ex 40:36-37; Ps 78:14; Ps 99:7) – God goes before them in the cloud by day
  3. The Place of Gods Presence (Exodus 16:10; 19:9; 24:16; 33:9; 34:5; 40:34,35; Lev 16:2; Num 11:25; Deut 31:15; 1 Kings 8:11; Neh 9:12) – In the cloud the, “Glory of the Lord appeared in the cloud”

The people of Israel are in a sense “under the cloud

It is so often “under the cloud” that we find the PRESENCE of the Lord!

  • Elijahs experience in the cave
  • Mary and Marthas experience at the grave
  • The 2 on the road to Emmaus
  • Pauls experience in prison (2 Tim 4:16-17)

Well they were under the cloud!

But this was a good place to be; God was there.


  1. Fed

spiritual meat

In what sense was the food ‘spiritual’?

Was it not in essence physical?

Did it not get eaten and digested and did it not satisfy their hunger? (Deut 8:16).

The manna was physical in nature / in substance

But then bread does not by nature fall from the sky!

The manna was spiritual in source / origin (Psalm 78:23-25).

The spiritual character of the manns is seen in its origin

Maybe we can accept that God can provide:

  • Spiritual supplies by spiritual means
  • Extraordinary substance by extraordinary means


  • Mount Carmel and fire from heaven
  • The plagues of Egypt
  • The miracles of the Lord

All supernatural provision by supernatural means

But in the manna and the water consider the possibility of:

  • Ordinary provision by extraordinary means

What could be more common or ordinary than water and bread?

Yet the supply was supernatural!

Let us not be afraid to look for this in our own life.

  • 1 Kings 17:12 – just a handful of meal but provided by extraordinary means.
  • Peter and the fish (Matthew 17:27) – just a coin but provided by extraordinary means.

Just because something is ordinary in substance doesn’t mean that it is not extraordinary in its source.

Look for those extraordinary supplies!

And that rock was Christ

In what sense was the Rock Christ?

Surely the rock was a physical rock from which the water flowed (Ex 17:6; Num 20:8)?

Consider that in Numbers 20:8 Moses is invited to; “speak ye unto the rock

speak”: ‘dabar’: occurs 1142 times in the OT

A recurrent pattern is evident in its use; a few examples:

Exo_40:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559

Lev_1:1 And the LORDH3068 calledH7121 untoH413 Moses,H4872 and spakeH1696 untoH413 him out of the tabernacleH4480 H168 of the congregation,H4150 saying,H559

Lev_1:2 SpeakH1696 untoH413 the childrenH1121 of Israel,H3478

Lev_4:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559

Lev_4:2 SpeakH1696 untoH413 the childrenH1121 of Israel,H3478 saying,H559

Lev_5:14 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559

Lev_6:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559

Lev_6:8 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559

Lev_6:19 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559

Lev_6:24 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559

Lev_6:25 SpeakH1696 untoH413 AaronH175 and toH413 his sons,H1121 saying,H559 ThisH2063 is the lawH8451 of the sin offering:H2403

Lev_7:22 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559

Lev_7:23 SpeakH1696 untoH413 the childrenH1121 of Israel,H3478 saying,H559 Ye shall eatH398 no mannerH3808 H3605 of fat,H2459 of ox,H7794 or of sheep,H3775 or of goat.H5795

Lev_7:28 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559

Lev_7:29 SpeakH1696 untoH413 the childrenH1121 of Israel,H3478 saying,H559 He that offerethH7126 (H853) the sacrificeH2077 of his peace offeringsH8002 unto the LORDH3068 shall bringH935 (H853) his oblationH7133 unto the LORDH3068 of the sacrificeH4480 H2077 of his peace offerings.H8002

Lev_8:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559

Lev_9:3 And untoH413 the childrenH1121 of IsraelH3478 thou shalt speak,H1696 saying,H559 TakeH3947 ye a kidH8163 of the goatsH5795 for a sin offering;H2403 and a calfH5695 and a lamb,H3532 both of the firstH1121 year,H8141 without blemish,H8549 for a burnt offering;H5930

Lev_10:8 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Aaron,H175 saying,H559

Lev_10:11 And that ye may teachH3384 (H853) the childrenH1121 of IsraelH3478 (H853) allH3605 the statutesH2706 whichH834 the LORDH3068 hath spokenH1696 untoH413 them by the handH3027 of Moses.H4872

Lev_10:12 And MosesH4872 spakeH1696 untoH413 Aaron,H175 and untoH413 EleazarH499 and untoH413 Ithamar,H385 his sonsH1121

Lev_10:19 And AaronH175 saidH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872

Lev_11:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 MosesH4872 and toH413 Aaron,H175 sayingH559 untoH413 them,

Lev_11:2 SpeakH1696 untoH413 the childrenH1121 of Israel,H3478 saying,H559 TheseH2063 are the beastsH2416 whichH834 ye shall eatH398 among allH4480 H3605 the beastsH929 thatH834 are onH5921 the earth.H776

Lev_12:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559

Lev_12:2 SpeakH1696 untoH413 the childrenH1121 of Israel,H3478 saying,H559

Lev_13:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 MosesH4872 and Aaron,H175 saying,H559

Lev_14:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 Moses,H4872 saying,H559

Lev_14:33 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 MosesH4872 and untoH413 Aaron,H175 saying,H559

Lev_15:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 MosesH4872 and toH413 Aaron,H175 saying,H559

Lev_15:2 SpeakH1696 untoH413 the childrenH1121 of Israel,H3478 and sayH559 untoH413 them,

Lev_16:1 And the LORDH3068 spakeH1696 untoH413 MosesH4872 afterH310 the deathH4194 of the twoH8147 sonsH1121 of Aaron,H175 when they offeredH7126 beforeH6440 the LORD,H3068 and died;H4191


This Hebrew word ‘dabar‘ on 1141 out of 1142 occasions is always used of speaking to a person; of man speaking to man, of God speaking to man, of man speaking to God.

The only possible exception is here in Numbers 20:8.

I do not think that Numbers 20:8 is such an exception!

Moses and the people of God recognised 2 Rocks:

  • Physical rock – Numbers 20:8
  • Spiritual Rock – Deut 32:4, 15, 18, 33

At times these 2 rocks become close to being intertwinned:
Behold, he smote the rock, that the waters gushed out, and the streams overflowed; can he give bread also? can he provide flesh for his people?”

(Psa 78:20)

And they remembered that God was their rock, and the high God their redeemer.” (Psa 78:35)

So what is 1 Co 10:4 saying?

Not so much that the physical rock but the spiritual Rock is Christ!

He is the God of the nation in the OT!

We have touched upon this issue in the past, whilst looking at Romans chapter 4; ‘how did people get saved B.C?’

We saw that they were saved just the same way they were saved AD!

In Romans chapter 4:

  1. Continuity of the argument of Romans 4 requires it.
  • Abraham – positive justification
  • David – negative justification

Abraham described as the, ‘father of all them that believe’ (Romans 4:11)

That continuity / connection would be fatally traumatised if David and Abraham believed in someone / something else from us.

The argument would break down and I would have no more connection with Abraham or David than with a Buddhist.

  1. Cleansing of Davids sin demands it

Davids atonement / propitiation requires it (Romans 4:6-8)

I know of only 1 biblical means by which God can be both, ‘just and the justifier,’ of the sinner, and that is through Christ (Rom 3:26).

David was living in the benefit / expectation of this.

  1. Covenant promise to Abraham expects it (Romans 4:13ff)

The promises made to a justified Abraham would ultimately be fulfilled in Christ.

Salvation / justification by faith came by faith in a person – faith in Christ.

Christ is the source of SALVATION in the Old and New Testaments.

We found Him in the OT:

  • Shadrach, Meshach and Abednigo in the fiery furnace with one like the Son of God
  • Abraham rejoiced to see my day and was glad” (John 8:56)
  • Elijah and Moses on Mount of Transfiguration
  • Job 19:25
  • Zech 12:10
  • Psalm 110 – Christ pre-eminence and Christs pre-existence as Davids Lord

Christ is not only the:

  • SOURCE of Salvation

but as the Rock:

  • SUSTAINER of Salvation

Why present this truth to the Cornthians, that Christ is the Rock that followed the Israelites in the wilderness?

that Rock was Christ” becomes the high point / pinnacle of this section!

It is downhill after this!

In other words the crescendo is built up from:

  • Led
  • Fed
  • Dead

To: Christ the Rock

We are saved and sanctified and separated in order that we might draw from Christ!

Saved to enjoy Christ.

Saved for relationship and resemblance.

They were not living in the enjoyment of this – see 1 Corinthians chps 5,6 & 8.

Instead of the badges and externals of Christian experience here is the point/purpose/expectation of Christian experience.

Not only the expectation of Christian experience but herein lies the explanation of what went wrong; ie. They were not drawing from Christ, they were not satisfied with Christ; they were instead, ‘lusting after evil things,’ (v6).

All of their failures were in essence a displacement of Christ.